Kinship Care

Kinship Care

Many children who cannot reside with their biological parent(s) are placed temporarily or permanently with a family member. Placement with kin may reduce trauma, increase placement stability and help children retain their cultural identity, but it also comes with its own challenges.

Public Policy


Federal Policies

Current kinship care policy and practice is shaped by federal and state policies and litigation against child welfare agencies.  Federal legislation impacting kinship care includes the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980, Title IV of the Social Security Act, the U.S. Supreme Court Decision, Miller v. Youakim (1979), the Indian Child Welfare Act, the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 and the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008.

The Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) of 1997 represented a continued commitment towards family and permanency.  Most importantly, ASFA identified placement with kin as preferential if possible.

The Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 is considered the most significant and far-reaching reform to federal child welfare policy since ASFA. The law aims to promote permanency and improved outcomes for children in foster care by providing new support for relative care givers. This includes a state option for federal reimbursement under Title IV-E for guardianship assistance payments; requirements for states to provide relatives with notice of the placement of a related child in foster care, flexibility in foster care licensing for relatives; guarantees of funding for Kinship Navigation programs, and grants to support family connections.

State Policies

 

Links

Links

  • AARP Grandparent Information Center
    The Grandparent Information Center, program of the American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) is a primary resource for grandparents in traditional and non-traditional family roles, including grandparents raising grandchildren and step-grandparents.
  • Casey Family Programs
    Casey Family Programs supports and assists child welfare systems through direct services, consultation, advocacy, and research, as well as provides an array of services for children in care, including kinship programs.
  • Child Welfare Information Gateway
    Child Welfare Information Gateway provides resources on child abuse prevention, protecting children from risk of abuse, and strengthening families. This includes information on supporting families, protective factors, public awareness, community activities, positive parenting, prevention programs, and more
  • Fostering Connections Resource Center
    The Resource Center is a gathering place of information, webinars, training and tools related to the implementation of the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008, which included significant reforms to kinship and foster care.
  • Foundation for Grandparenting
    The Foundation for Grandparenting supports grandparents through education, research, programs, technical assistance and networking.
  • Grandfamilies State Law and Policy Resource Center
    The Grandfamilies State Law and Policy Resource Center serves as a national legal resource in support of grandfamilies within and outside the child welfare system.
  • Kinship Care Program at the Child Welfare League of America (CWLA)
    CWLA’s Kinship Care Program provides training, consultation, and technical assistance to child welfare professionals and agencies about kinship care.
  • The National Kinship Alliance for Children
    The Alliance is a nationwide network of grandparents, community members, and professionals working together to provide education and support, advocacy, and thought leadership for children, grandparents, and kinship families.
  • National Resource Center for Permanency and Family Connections (NRCPFC)
    NRCPFC at the Hunter College School of Social Work is a training, technical assistance, and information services organization that provides a web-based toolkit on kinship care.
  • The Relatives as Parents Program (RAPP) of the Brookdale Foundation Group
    RAPP promotes the expansion of services for grandparents and other relative caregivers by providing extensive services, conducting trainings and providing technical assistance.